When it comes to application servers, there are three main features that developers ask for: flexibility, performance, and security. In Windows Server 2012, the internet services stack meets all of these criteria. HTTP is an application server protocol on its own right, allowing you to host web sites on the same machine with minimal requirements. I recently discovered that IIS8 is a better option because this version enables us to run popular applications available on Linux platforms like PHP or Node.js. IIS automatically detects the most efficient way of running any process with which it interacts, which means Windows has also become flexible.
Through the course of managing over 250 websites, I’ve tried a lot of different web server environments. Over time my needs have changed, and I now prefer lightweight environments that still allow full control. In this guide I’ll discuss the basics of assessing your systems for performance availability and security,web server software free,best server for web development. This will help you choose one or more solutions to install on your servers.
Best lightweight web server windows
Your web server software can affect your website’s overall performance and loading times. For that reason, selecting the best web server for your needs can be essential to your site’s success. However, with so many options available, it can be challenging to know which one to install and use.
In this guide, we’ll review eight of the best web servers for Windows and Linux. Let’s get started!
What Are Web Servers?
A web server’s software controls how the server receives and presents information over the internet. The software accepts requests from users’ browsers, locates the necessary files, and then serves them via Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). Essentially, the software converts your site’s data into readable content for your visitors. Many web servers today are using HTTPS for more secure transfers.
Many web server software options use other protocols, such as Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) and File Transfer Protocol (FTP). Additionally, different software is designed for various Operating Systems (OS), such as Windows or Linux.
In most cases, your hosting provider will determine your web server software. However, some hosts will enable you to choose and install your preferred software.
8 Best Web Servers for Windows and Linux
By now, you should hopefully understand the importance of web server software. Here’s a roundup of nine of the best web servers for Windows and Linux OS (in no particular order)!
Apache is the second most popular web server software, used by 31.5 percent of all known websites. It’s an open-source project that uses HTTP protocol and operates across various OSs, including Windows and Linux.
One of the best features of Apache is its customizability. This server software is comprised of several modules, which you can adjust to process different requests. Additionally, Apache supports various programming languages and has an active community of developers. It also support PHP which makes it a popular web server for WordPress users.
However, keep in mind that Apache can struggle with extremely high-traffic sites. It also requires frequent updates to function correctly and securely.
Key Features for Apache:
- Session tracking
- FTP and HTTP/2
- Customizable modules
Apache is for you if…
- You’re a beginner.
- You’re looking for open-source and customizable server software.
- You run a low- to medium-traffic WordPress site.
Apache Pricing: Free | Learn More About Apache
Tomcat is one of the best web server software options for Java applications. It uses multiple Java specifications in an open-source environment that’s optimized for speed and performance. Therefore, it’s an excellent choice for dynamic content such as animations and interactive websites.
Moreover, Tomcat comes from the same company as Apache. As such, these two server software options are designed to work together. Furthermore, Tomcat is compatible with various OSs, including Windows, Linux, and macOS.
You can use Tomcat along with other web server software to handle additional requests, such as HTTP. Otherwise, the software can be inefficient for static pages. Plus, it’s not the best option for Secure Sockets Layer (SSL).
Key Features for Tomcat:
- Customizable modules
- Multiple Java technologies, including Jakarta WebSocket
- Performance-enhanced data processing
- Open-source design
Tomcat is for you if…
- You work primarily with Java applications and dynamic content.
- You’re looking for lightweight server software.
Tomcat Pricing: Free | Learn More About Tomcat
If you’re looking for the best web server software, you might consider using the most popular option: NGINX. It’s recently overtaken Apache and is currently used by more than 33 percent of known websites. In addition, NGINX is compatible with both Linux and Windows.
NGINX is perhaps most famous for its high-performance features. Since the web server software is designed to handle multiple connections simultaneously, it’s ideal for high-traffic sites and demanding environments. With NGINX, you’ll get enhanced loading times with minimal drain on your server resources.
However, when compared to Apache, NGINX is less customizable. You can’t disable some of its modules, meaning you’ll need to stick with some of its default settings.
Key Features for NGINX:
- Compatibility with various web applications
- Minimal resource consumption
- Load balancing
- Open-source design
NGINX is for you if…
- You have a high-traffic website.
- You’re looking for performance-optimized web server software.
- You’d like a cost-effective solution that uses minimal resources.
NGINX Pricing: Free | Learn More About NGINX
LiteSpeed is lightweight and security-focused web server software. It’s designed to provide top performance and scalability with minimal usage of your server resources. Plus, it has built-in protection against Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks.
Furthermore, LiteSpeed is equipped to handle unexpected traffic spikes. It can also serve PHP faster than many other server software options, including Apache. Therefore, it could be a great choice if your site receives a lot of traffic or consumes many resources.
Keep in mind that LiteSpeed isn’t available for Windows. Moreover, the open-source version of the product can be relatively restrictive if you’re not willing to invest in a paid plan.
Key Features for LiteSpeed:
- Event-driven architecture
- Compatibility with multiple hosting panels
- Adjustable security features
- PHP optimization
LiteSpeed is for you if…
- Speed and performance are high priorities.
- You run a high-traffic or e-commerce website.
- You use Linux.
LiteSpeed Pricing: Free for one website. Alternatively, the Site Owner package costs $10 per month and supports five domains. | Learn More About LiteSpeed
5. CentOS Stream
If you need an environment to test and develop applications, you might benefit from using CentOS Stream. It’s a Linux distribution with a built-in development platform where you can trial your applications.
CentOS is a community-based project that enables you to test your applications before core Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) releases. Furthermore, you can submit your contributions to improve the software.
However, CentOS is only usable with Linux. Moreover, the software undergoes constant updates due to its open-source nature. Therefore, you’ll need to stay on top of your applications to protect them against security vulnerabilities and bugs.
Key Features for CentOS Stream:
- Open-source and free
- Preview of RHEL updates
CentOS Stream is for you if…
- You’re a developer and work with RHEL.
- You work exclusively with Linux.
- You’re looking for free web server software.
CentOS Stream Pricing: Free | Learn More About CentOS Stream
Next up, Caddy is a user-friendly and secure web server. This software uses HTTPS connections by default. Therefore, it can be an excellent choice to encrypt your website’s data and protect it against malicious interceptions.
Furthermore, Caddy is compatible with both Linux and Windows OS. It also supports macOS, Solaris, and BSD. Additionally, Caddy is a great choice for administrating multiple websites on one server, since it has a streamlined interface.
Keep in mind that Caddy has a relatively limited feature set when compared to other web server software on this list. However, if you’re looking for a simple and user-friendly option, Caddy could meet your needs.
Key Features for Caddy:
- Support for static and dynamic content
- Load balancing features
- Focus on security
Caddy is for you if…
- You’re looking for a user-friendly solution.
- Security is a top priority.
- You run multiple sites.
Caddy Pricing: Free | Learn More About Caddy
Lighttpd (pronounced “Lighty”) is one of the best web server software options for low-resource environments. It uses minimal memory, and includes speed optimizations to take pressure off of the physical server. Additionally, Lighttpd can serve dynamic and static content separately to optimize performance on database sites.
Furthermore, Lighttpd is designed to run on Linux. You can also use it on Windows, although it lacks native support. In addition, Lighttpd offers support for various programming languages, including PHP, Python, Lua, and Ruby.
Unfortunately, Lighttpd doesn’t offer support for HTTP/3. It also isn’t compatible with the Internet Server Application Programming Interface (ISAPI).
Key Features for Lighttpd:
- Load balancing and HTTP proxy
- Focus on efficiency and speed
- Lightweight design
Lighttpd is for you if…
- Speed and low resource consumption are your top priorities.
- You work with multiple programming languages.
- You’re looking for secure and flexible server software.
Lighttpd Pricing: Free | Learn More About Lighttpd
8. Microsoft IIS
Finally, Microsoft IIS is an excellent server software option that’s specifically designed for Windows. Therefore, it includes many native Windows security features, such as Azure Active Directory. Additionally, it has integrated website and server management tools.
However, Microsoft IIS isn’t compatible with Linux. It’s also less popular than many of the other server software options on this list. Therefore, it can be challenging to find community support if you run into issues.
Key Features for Microsoft IIS:
- Integrations with many Microsoft products
- Simple and user-friendly interface
- Extensive built-in security features
Microsoft IIS is for you if…
- You use Windows.
- You’re a developer.
- You want to run multiple sites on one server.
Microsoft IIS: Free for the Lite version of the software. Upgrading to an IIS Server license can cost thousands of dollars, depending on your specific needs.
web server software free
Web Server is an application software that you can install on Windows or Linux machine. When you want run websites from your home computer, you need to install web server application software in PC in order to make http local server running. Here have many open source web server are available download free and with this reviews you may find best web server to run your website more security.
Apache HTTP Web Server
The Apache HTTP Server Project is an effort to develop and maintain an open-source HTTP server for modern operating systems including UNIX and Windows NT. The goal of this project is to provide a secure, efficient and extensible server that provides HTTP services in sync with the current HTTP standards.
Virgo Web Server
The Virgo Web Server from EclipseRT is a completely module-based Java application server that is designed to run enterprise Java applications and Spring-powered applications with a high degree of flexibility and reliability. It offers a simple yet comprehensive platform to develop, deploy, and service enterprise Java applications.
The Virgo kernel supports the core concepts of Virgo and is not biased towards the web server, thus enabling other types of server to be created. The kernel can also be used stand-alone as a rich OSGi application platform. A server runtime can easily be constructed by deploying suitable bundles on top of the kernel.
Abyss Web Server
Abyss Web Server enables you to host your Web sites on your computer. It supports secure SSL/TLS connections (HTTPS) as well as a wide range of Web technologies.
It can also run advanced PHP, Perl, Python, ASP, ASP.NET, and Ruby on Rails Web applications which can be backed by databases such as MySQL, SQLite, MS SQL Server, MS Access, or Oracle.
Cherokee Web Server
Cherokee is an innovative, feature rich, and yet easy to configure open source Web Server. It supports the most widespread Web technologies: FastCGI, SCGI, PHP, uWSGI, SSI, CGI, LDAP, TLS/SSL, HTTP proxying, Video streaming, Content caching, Traffic Shaping, etc
RaidenHTTPD Web Server
RaidenHTTPD is a fully featured web server software for Windows platform. It’s designed for ANYONE, whether amateur or expert, who wants to have an interactive web site running within minutes.
With RaidenHTTPD, everyone can be a web site magician from now on! Having a web site created with RaidenHTTPD, you won’t be suprised to see thousands of visitors to your web site every week or even more!
KF Web Server
KF Web Server is a free HTTP Server that can host an unlimited number of web sites. Its small size, low system requirements and easy administration make it the perfect choice for both professional and amateur web developers alike.
GoAhead WebServer is a fast and efficient standards-based Web server designed for cross-platform support. While WebServer is designed for embedded devices it is nevertheless a fully functional web server and its use is not limited to embedded devices. WebServer’s small foot-print and efficient design make it well suited for a wide range of applications. In addition, security for WebServer is provided by PeerSec Networks.
Tornado Web Server
Tornado is an open source version of the scalable, non-blocking web server and tools that power FriendFeed. The FriendFeed application is written using a web framework that looks a bit like web.py or Google’s webapp, but with additional tools and optimizations to take advantage of the underlying non-blocking infrastructure.
lighttpd Web Server
Lighttpd is rapidly redefining efficiency of a webserver; as it is designed and optimized for high performance environments. With a small memory footprint compared to other web-servers, effective management of the cpu-load, and advanced feature set (FastCGI, SCGI, Auth, Output-Compression, URL-Rewriting and many more) lighttpd is the perfect solution for every server that is suffering load problems. And best of all it’s Open Source licensed under the revised BSD license.
USB Web server
USBWebserver is a combination of the popular webserver software: Apache, MySQL, Php and PhpMyAdmin. With USBWebserver it is possible to develop and show your php websites, everywhere and anytime The advantage of USBWebserver is, you can use it from USB of even CD
best server for web development
Open source web servers are used to power the majority of web applications
and websites. The open-source
technology for web servers has come a long way since the first web server
was released back in 1991. Today, developers have a number of choices for developers to choose from.
1. Apache HTTP Server
Apache HTTP server is often referred to as httpd, or simply Apache. The server is most often seen running on Linux infrastructure. It also supports OS X and Windows. The server follows a modular architecture, in which extra modules can extend its features. Loading the mod_proxy allows for a proxy/gateway on your server. Apache also supports HTTP/2 with the new module, mod_http2.
NGINX was developed by Igor Sysoev to fix the common C10K problem. It was first released in 2004. The server relies on an asynchronous event-driven architecture to power its goal of handling massive concurrent sessions. Resource utilization and scalability are the reason why NGINX has picked up popularity as a popular web server among administrators.
3. Apache Tomcat
This is an open-source Java Servlet container that works as a web server. While servlets can respond to any request, they are mostly used to implement applications hosted on web servers. Tomcat’s code was written by Sun Microsystems. Tomcat is typically used to run a Java application but it can also be used to extend with Coyote, to perform the role of a normal web server.
This was first released in March 2003, which currently powers 0.1% of all websites under a BSD license. Lighttpd distinguishes itself with its low memory footprint, small CPU load, and speed optimization. The server is optimized for a large number of parallel connections. It also supports FastCGI, SCGI, Art, URL rewriting, and Output-compression.